What is Crack Cocaine?
After I discuss about what is cocaine? In the article, I wrote this time will discuss about the crack, what is crack cocaine? Associated with crack cocaine because crack is another form of cocaine, cocaine is in the process of the powder form of cocaine hydrochloride to a smokable substance. Name crack comes from the sound generated when smoking like a crackling sound. To process the crack takes a mixture of ammonia or baking soda mixed with water, then heated whose function is to remove the cocaine hydrochloride.Baking soda is a base used in preparation of crack, although other weak bases may substitute for it. The net reaction when using sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3, common baking soda) is.
Coc-H Cl-Â Â NaHCO3 ? CocÂ Â H2OÂ Â CO2Â Â NaCl
Crack cocaine is usually purchased already in rock form, although it is not uncommon for some users to "wash up" or "cook" the cocaine into a crack themselves. This process is done with baking soda (sodium bicarbonate), water, and a spoon. Once mixed and heated, the bicarbonate breaks down into carbon dioxide and sodium carbonate, which then reacts with the hydrochloride of the cocaine molecule, leaving cocaine as an oily free base. Once separated from the hydrochloride, the cocaine alkaloid floats to the top of the now leftover liquid. It is at this point that the oil is picked up rapidly, usually with a pin or long thin object. This pulls the oil up and spins it, allowing air to set and dry the oil, and allow the user and/or maker to roll the oil into the rock-like shape.
Crack vaporizes near temperature 90 Â°C (194 Â°F), much lower than the cocaine hydrochloride melting point of 190 Â°C (374 Â°F). Whereas cocaine hydrochloride cannot be smoked (burns with no effect), crack cocaine when smoked allows for quick absorption into the blood stream, and reaches the brain in 8 (eight) seconds. Coupled with the fact that crack is considered more potent than cocaine hydrochloride, users obtain an intense high much more quickly than with the normal method of insufflating ("sniffing" or "snorting") the powdered.Another name for crack cocaine is a rock, hard, iron, cavvy, base, or just crack.
In 1980 crack cocaine is very popular and used by many people, why is that? This is due to crack cocaine very cheap production cost and the customer can afford to buy crack cocaine. Crack cocaine in the form of smoke also has an impact very quickly to users who use crack cocaine. Some crack cocaine effects are feeling happy, feeling calm and do not feel like flying a tough problem. Crack cocaine as sold on the streets may be adulterated or "buffed" to increase bulk. According to Cpl. Kent Dahl, with Red Deer RCMP Federal Drugs, Canada, white substances mimicking the appearance of cocaine are added to increase bulk. Use of toxic adulterants such as levamisole has been documented.
After I explain what is crack cocaine?. I start from the definition of explanation to the use and production of crack cocaine. We all know how crack cocaine is made and used. If you all are less clear and less detail about what is crack cocaine?. Please ask in the comments below. Thank you.