What Are The Common Kinds Of Dermatitis Skin Care Problems?
A variety of different types of skin problems can be defined as dermatitis, but they are all similar in one way. Inflammation is the most prominent feature of dermatitis. Skin areas affected by dermatitis become red, swollen and itchy. Lesions are also possible. Although dermatitis is not a terminal disease, nor is it usually incapacitating, some types can cause severe distress in social and work situations because of the way it changes your appearance.
The intent of this article is to provide answers to the questions most people have about different types of dermatitis.
What does dermatitis look like? One description of what dermatitis looks like is skin that has been burned or scalded by hot water. The skin turns red, swells, and may even form blisters with fluid secretion. Since dermatitis also makes the skin itchy, some people make the inflammation look worse by scratching (which admittedly, can be a hard urge to resist).
What are the causes of dermatitis? Dermatitis has a variety of causes, including allergies and heredity. Among the other frequent causes of dermatitis are environmental pollutants and irritants. Some types of dermatitis may also be triggered by stress - both physical and emotional. Naturally, some causes vary depending on the type of dermatitis in question.
Are different kinds of dermatitis contagious? Dermatitis is not contagious and cannot be spread to other people.
What different types of dermatitis are there?
Atopic dermatitis This type features an itchy rash that comes and goes. It is a chronic condition that is better known as eczema. It can be extremely severe in children, but become less of a problem with age. While it's widely believed that stress doesn't cause atopic dermatitis, stress probably makes it worse. Medical researchers haven't figured out the exact cause of atopic dermatitis. But a compromised immune system and dry irritable skin may be important factors.
Eczema is typically treated with lotions containing hydrocortisone that are applied to the skin.
Contact or allergic dermatitis This type of dermatitis gets it's name from the fact that it's caused by an irritant that comes in contact with your skin and causes a reaction in the form of a rash.
Seborrheic dermatitis The most prominent symptom of this type of dermatitis is a red rash combined with yellowish, oily-looking scales on the scalp. In infants, this type of dermatitis is known as cradle cap. Adults who have Parkinson's appear to be at higher risk for seborrheic dermatitis, as are those under a great deal of physical stress. Individuals with oily hair are also more prone to have this type of dermatitis.
The best treatment for seborrheic dermatitis is usually a shampoo that contains tar, pyrithione zinc, salicylic acid or ketoconazole as the active ingredient. Your doctor may also recommend a variety of hydrocortisone creams and lotions.
Perioral dermatitis The most prominent symptom of perioral dermatitis is a bumpy rash that appears around the area of the mouth. Certain moisturizers, makeup and topical corticosteroids may make this condition worse, so don't try to self-treat it - talk to your doctor about ways to get relief.
Perioral dermatitis sometimes takes a long while to heal, but it generally goes away when you take the oral antibiotic tetracycline. Once the rash is gone however, it often returns. Therefore your doctor may suggest continuing treatment for several months to prevent a recurrence.
Neurodermatitis This type can be associated with eczema, psoriasis and dry skin. This kind of dermatitis typically features an itching sensation in a specific part of the body, especially the neck, wrists, ankles or arms. Hydrocortisone lotions and creams may be helpful, along with wet compresses. Antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications may also be needed for some individuals. Above all, it's important to avoid aggravating the condition. Scratching the affected area of the skin just makes it worse.
Stasis dermatitis Sometimes, fluid will build up under the skin for some reason. When this occurs, stasis dermatitis may result. The fluid blocks the processes which bring nourishment to the skin. It happens most often in the legs. Treating stasis dermatitis begins with determining the cause of the fluid accumulation and correcting it. Elastic support hose may help but in certain circumstances, it may become necessary to perform surgery. Wet dressings help because they soften fragile skin and also prevent the risk of infection.