Tonsillitis Treatment Causes and Symptoms
Tonsillitis is inflammation of pharyngeal (throat), tonsils. Inflammation can often be extended to the adenoids. The tonsils are lymph nodes, organs in the shape of almonds, located at the rear of the mouth and on top of the neck. Normally help to filter bacteria and other microorganisms to prevent infection in the body. Produce antibodies, which play an important role in the immune system of the body, especially during early childhood. When the child grows and develops, the tonsils and adenoids eventually begin to shrink, and probably no longer have a defensive function against diseases by calling microorganisms.
Viral or bacterial infections and immunologic factors lead to tonsillitis and its associated complications. Infection may also be present in the throat and its surroundings, resulting in a condition known as inflammation of the pharynx (pharyngitis).
These infections are transmitted close contact with infected individuals.
Bacterial infections are more common during winter. Viral infections are more common during summer and autumn.
There are 3 types of tonsillitis:
1. Acute - present as fever, sore throat, difficulty breathing, dysphasia, odynophagia and sensitive cervical lymph nodes. Airway obstruction may prejovavat mouth breathing, snoring; breathing has stopped night or nocturnal dispend. Current as lethargy and malaise. Symptoms usually disappear in 3-4 days but may persist for two weeks and, despite adequate treatment.
2. Recurrent (returning) - is diagnosed when an individual has seven episodes during 1 year, 5 infections in 2-s consecutive years, or 3 infections each year during the 3-s the next few years.
3. Chronic - Present chronic sore throat, halitosis, tonsillitis, and persistently sensitive cervical lymph nodes.
Tonsillitis may cause group-A beta-hemplytickych Streptococcus progenies and Epstein-Barr virus, but other bacteria and viruses. Are the most common infectious agents: viruses (adenovirus, influenza virus, and herpes virus), bacteria (Neustria gonorrhea, Homophiles influenza type B), mycoplasma, fungal and parasitic infections, and cigarette smoke. Also read more tonsillitis home remedies http://www.himalayahomeremedies.com/remedies/tonsillitis-home-remedies.html
When adequate medical treatment and self-medication is cured most cases of tonsillitis in one to two weeks, particularly in ensuring sufficient rest and liquids. Chances for full recovery also grow in full use, a 10-day, the prescribed dose of antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial tonsillitis. If bacterial tonsillitis is not treated, or if not used because of all the medicines prescribed, there is an increased risk of rheumatic fever or liver disease.
Mucus collects around the tonsils and may be extended to the top of the mouth and throat, chest and lungs. Symptoms include swelling of the face and neck, difficulty opening the mouth, fever and intense unpleasant smelling breath. Abscess can block the airway, causing breathing problems. This can lead to life-threatening. This abscess is usually found only on one side and mostly in adults, not children.
Another type of abscess, occurring mostly in young children, the retropharyngeal (at the back of the throat) abscess. This usually causes high fever and great difficulty in chewing. In early detection of both types of abscesses can be treated successfully with medication. In most cases, however, needed surgery to remove the abscess.
The most serious complication of tonsillitis is rheumatic fever, often accompanied by rheumatic heart disease. Occurs only if the cause of tonsillitis is beta-hemolytic streptococci group A. It occurs only in children who have recurrent infections, which were not adequately treated with antibiotics.
A common complication of tonsillitis is infection of the lymph nodes in the neck, known as cervical adenitis. This type of infection can be successfully treated with antibiotics. Other possible complications of tonsillitis are inflammation of the middle ear (obits media) and sinus infection.