The advantages of fruit drops
Professional gardeners and other gardening experts are aware that fruit trees commonly drop premature fruits and it is only a natural process of shedding some heavy fruit load. It is common knowledge that fruit trees bear fruit when they become mature enough to blossom freely. It is also believed that pollination, gardening practices and environment greatly influence the plant's ability to bear fruits. Obviously growers have no control over these external factors and have to rely on the whims of nature. Amongst all fruits, apples are known to have several periods when fruit drop occurs. The very first fruit drop can be seen right after the flower petals fall off. The fruits that drop are understandably the ones that did not get pollinated in time or the sperm cells from the pollen failed to reach the ovary. A second drop of apples generally takes place during late May or June when the fruits have somewhat grown in size. Apples and pears are most susceptible to this second drop. As a matter of fact, premature cherries are prone to drop as readily as apples and pears and stay on the tree for a longer period. With apples, pears and cherries, mid-summer fruit drop seldom takes place - whereas mid-summer fruit drop more pertains to plums. Typical citrus trees go through three distinct periods of fruit drop. First is the drop of about 70 to 80 percent of the flowers takes place during or immediately after the bloom. The second drop takes place a couple of weeks later when the fruit is of marble-size. The third drop occurs in late May, involving larger fruit, almost tennis ball in size. A few fruit on all citrus will continue to drop through final harvest, but that is a normal phenomenon and need not cause concern. Most fruit trees are reported have at least two seasons of fruit drop. The first fruit drop occurs immediately after bloom and this is naturally due to incomplete pollination. The second fruit drop occurs a few weeks later and this second drop is usually heavier because the fruits have matured to a larger size. As regard most fruit varieties, pollination fails to take place due to cold or wet weather or lack of adequate honeybees. If the flower buds are exposed to extremely cold weather, then fruit drop may become not avoidable. In most cases, pre-harvest drop of fruits occur when fruit is infested with worms and other garden pests that may cause premature ripening and fruit fall. Professionals suggest that the picking season for fruits has commenced as soon as few mature fruits start falling off. Some examples of the self-pollinating fruits are apricot, avocado, blackberry, citrus, fig, domestic grapes, jujube, nectarine, peach, pomegranate, quince and strawberry. The fruits that depend on cross-pollination are apple, pear, pecan, some varieties of plum and walnut. There are also some experts who opine that most trees produce huge quantities of flowers disproportionate to a full crop and this is the prime cause why they shed fruits. It is a fact that only one flower bloom in twenty is needed for a good crop. Fruit drops are perhaps nature's way of adjusting the yield so the remaining fruit can survive and reach full size.