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3 Tips - Kidney stones foods to avoid

By:   |   Jul 08, 2018   |   Views: 16   |   Comments: 0

About 80% of all kidney stone are composed of calcium and oxalate.  Changes to our diet may help to prevent recurrence of these types of stones.
 
3 Tips - Kidney stones foods to avoid
 
1. Increase fluid intake: This is most important preventive measure. It limits the formation of stone by diluting the urine. You should drink enough fluid to produce two liter or more of urine each day. Drink 8-10 oz of fluid every hour while awake and 8-10 oz once during the night. Water should be more than 50% of the total fluid intake. This are just guidelines, if possible you should take as much fluid intake as possible.
 
2. Calcium: Calcium from food is absorbed during digestion. Calcium is used for many important functions. Any excess calcium absorbed is passed through kidney to filter through. The biggest portion of calcium in our diet comes from milk and dairy products. The calcium in dairy products is easily absorbed. Foods like dark green leafy vegetables also contain significant amount of calcium. But they also contain other substances which prevent the body from readily absorbing the calcium. So, the amount of available calcium in dark green leafy vegetables is much less than in milk. Usually, the body only absorbs calcium that is needed. However, certain condition can cause too much calcium to be absorbed, which is passed into the kidneys. In these cases, controlling the amount of calcium in the diet can prevent calcium stones. You should limit your calcium intake to around 800-1000 mg per day.
 
3. Oxalic acid or oxalate: Oxalate is found in foods from plants. Calcium combines with oxalate in the intestines, which reduces calcium's ability to be absorbed. Sometimes calcium oxalate stone is formed because there is not enough calcium in the intestines, and too much of oxalate goes to kidney to pass through. In these cases, it is recommended that you should not have more than 50 gm of oxalate per day. To do this, you should avoid foods with high amounts of oxalate from your diet. Research has found that eight foods can raise urine oxalate levels. They are spinach, chocolate, rhubarb, wheat bran, nuts, beets, strawberries, and tea.

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